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OCT 5, 2023

How to Strengthen Your Abs with Apron Belly Exercises?

Few areas of the body give us grief like abs, especially when your core has developed into an apron belly. But what is an apron belly and how can you get rid of it?

It goes without saying, your body is a fascinating network of interconnected parts. But over time some of them don’t perform as you’d want them to. And few areas give us all grief like the abdominal muscles. Sure, the perfectly sculpted abs boost our confidence, but they also serve functional purposes. And too often they can develop into an ‘apron belly’ - skin and fat that creates a midriff overhang. So let’s talk about it frankly. What causes an apron belly, how is it connected to core strength, and how can we get rid of it? We’ve got all the answers for you below.

What does Apron Belly mean?

Every individual's body responds uniquely to changes, whether that’s weight fluctuations or life events like pregnancy. The apron belly, sometimes called a "pannus" if we want to be scientific for a moment, arises due to various reasons - significant weight gain followed by weight loss or post-childbirth conditions being the most common. Beyond the changes to your appearance, there are also health implications to consider. In some cases, an apron belly can not only cause discomfort, affecting your quality of life and overall wellbeing, but it is linked to the rise in types of cancer.

The Connection Between Core Strength and Apron Belly

A strong core not only enhances your physical appearance, it offers a range of health benefits. How? By providing support for your spine, improving balance, boosting metabolism, and promoting more effective calorie burning. So strengthening these core muscles isn’t just great for getting that highly sought after six-pack, it significantly reduces the visibility of an apron belly.

Setting Realistic Expectations

Ok, before we go further, let’s have an honest heart-to-heart. Achieving the perfectly shaped abdomen requires patience and consistency. On top of that, we need to debunk the myth of spot reduction.

Spot reduction is the concept that specific exercises can target fat loss in a particular part of your body. But it’s not true. Yes, performing endless crunches and sit-ups will build those core muscles but that doesn’t eliminate belly fat.

See, the body tends to lose weight uniformly, so it's crucial to set achievable goals and persistently work towards them. And not get disheartened when looking in the mirror. That said, let’s take a look at the exercises that’ll get your core fired up.

Starting with the Basics: Warm-up Exercises

Warming up is a crucial step in preparing your muscles for any exercise - especially abdominal exercises. It helps reduce the risk of injuries and readies your body for the upcoming workout routine. Try some simple warm-up maneuvers like leg swings, waist rotations, and gentle lunges, which can effectively activate your core muscles.

Top 5 Apron Belly Exercises for Abdominal Strength

A well-defined abdominal area not only enhances that visual aesthetic you’re after, but also serves as the powerhouse for your entire body.

Here are the top 5 essential exercises to help combat apron belly:

  • The plank and its variations
  • Russian twists
  • Leg raises
  • Bicycle crunches
  • Incorporating Cardio

The plank and its variations: A foundational move

The plank is often hailed as the quintessential core strengthening exercise, engaging a wide range of muscles, from the rectus abdominis to the obliques.

How to do a basic plank

  1. Begin in a push-up position but with your weight on your forearms instead of your hands.
  2. Ensure your body forms a straight line from your head to your heels.
  3. Engage your core and hold this position, focusing on breathing.


  • Side Plank: Focuses on the obliques. Lie on one side, prop yourself up with one forearm, and stack your feet. Lift your hips so your body is in a straight line.
  • Plank with Leg Lift: While in the basic plank position, lift one leg a few inches off the ground. Alternate legs.

Russian twists: Engaging the obliques

Russian twists are excellent for targeting those side muscles that often accumulate love handles.

How to do Russian twists

  1. Sit on the floor, knees bent, and lean back slightly, ensuring your spine remains straight.
  2. Hold a weight or dumbbell with both hands in front of you.
  3. Twist your torso to the right, bringing the weight beside you. Return to the center and repeat on the left.

Leg raises: Targeting the lower abs

Many find the lower abs tricky to tone, but leg raises can solve this problem.

How to perform leg raises

  1. Lie flat on your back, legs straight.
  2. Slowly raise your legs to a 90-degree angle, keeping them straight.
  3. Lower them back down without letting them touch the floor.

Bicycle crunches: A full-core workout

Bicycle crunches are a dynamic way to engage multiple abdominal muscles simultaneously.

How to do bicycle crunches:

  1. Lie on your back, hands behind your head.
  2. Lift both legs and start a pedal motion, akin to riding a bicycle.
  3. As your right knee comes towards you, twist your left elbow to meet it—alternate sides in a fluid motion.

Incorporating Cardio: Why It Matters

While the aforementioned exercises focus on muscle toning and strengthening, incorporating cardiovascular exercises are also a great way to shedd the pesky layer of fat that covers up your well-defined muscles. This is because cardio boosts your metabolism, aiding in faster calorie burn. In fact, it's the synergy between strength training and cardio that yields optimum results. Whether that's a brisk walk, a jog, or a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, ensuring your heart rate is elevated for a sustained period will complement your apron belly exercises, revealing a toned, sculpted core over time.

The Role of Diet in Toning Abs

As we said earlier, spot reduction is a myth, and as such, diet plays a pivotal role in your quest for a chiseled abdomen. So what are the basics you need to know? Well, firstly, foods rich in proteins support muscle growth, while those with a low glycemic index aid in fat loss. That being said, it's important to strike a balance between calories consumed and calories expended. And it should be obvious but a calorie-deficit diet is paramount for weight loss.

Consistency is Key: Setting Up a Routine

You may ask yourself, how often should I train my abs? While there's no one-size-fits-all answer, creating a weekly workout plan, interspersed with rest days, typically yields the best results. But adapt your routine to suit your body and consult with professionals or PTs to get some invaluable insight.

Advanced Techniques and Exercises

Transitioning from a beginner to an advanced fitness level requires dedication, knowledge, and the right strategies. And while mastering the basics of abdominal exercises provides a solid foundation, advancing to more challenging techniques is where true progress happens. Which will help you sculpt and define your core, push beyond your limits, and discover new potentials.

Progressing from beginner to advanced levels

Progression in fitness - particularly concerning abdominal exercises - involves intensifying workouts to consistently challenge muscles and stimulate growth and strength. Here are 8 great ways to make this transition seamlessly.

  1. Incremental Overload: Start by slightly increasing the weight or resistance in your exercises. For instance, if you've been doing body-weight planks, introduce a weighted vest. Or if you're executing Russian twists with a 5-pound weight, consider upping it to 10 pounds.

  2. Variety in Routines: Our muscles adapt quickly. Introducing variety can be a game-changer. If regular crunches are your go-to, switch to stability ball crunches or cable crunches, which demand more control and engagement from your core.

  3. Compound Movements: Engage multiple muscle groups simultaneously. Exercises like hanging leg raises or dragon flags not only target the core but also involve other stabilizing muscles, providing a comprehensive workout.

  4. Time under Tension: Slow down your repetitions, especially on the movement's eccentric (or lowering) part. This increases your muscles' stress duration, enhancing muscle growth. For example, take a slow count of four when doing leg raises as you lower your legs.

  5. Functional Core Workouts: Consider exercises that challenge your core in real-world scenarios. Movements like Turkish get-ups or farmer's walks engage the core in ways traditional ab exercises might not.

  6. Engage in Plyometrics: Introduce explosive movements like box jumps or burpees. These exercises strengthen the core and boost metabolic rates, aiding in fat loss.

  7. Consistency and Recovery: While pushing to advanced levels, it's imperative to be consistent. But equally vital is ensuring your muscles recover adequately. Incorporate stretching, get adequate sleep, and consider foam rolling to alleviate muscle tightness.

  8. Monitor and Adjust: As you advance, it's crucial to assess your progress regularly. Perhaps you can hold a plank for longer, or maybe you've moved on to performing more challenging versions of exercises. Celebrate these milestones and continue to adjust your workouts to ensure you're always moving forward.

Safety Tips and Considerations

Listen to your body, especially when it sends signals of discomfort or pain. Rest and recovery are as crucial as workouts. In cases of persistent issues, seeking professional guidance is essential.


The journey to tackle that lingering apron belly and sculpt a toned abdomen is a holistic endeavor. Beyond exercises, success hinges on the fusion of diet, consistency, and unwavering determination. But you know what you want and, now, you know how to get it. So get out there, get to work on those goals, and start achieving them today!


Can Russian twists be performed without weights?

Yes, Russian twists can be done without weights. Using your hands for motion still effectively engages the obliques.

Are there any modifications to the plank for individuals with wrist pain?

Certainly, one can perform the plank on their forearms, reducing pressure on the wrists.

Is fast-paced or slow-paced cardio more effective?

Both have benefits. Fast-paced or HIIT is great for burning calories quickly, while slow-paced offers endurance-building.

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Written by Matthew Stogdon

Matt has been writing for two decades, across print and digital media. He is also an accomplished filmmaker, with several accolades under his belt.

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